Equestrianism or widely known as horseback riding or horse riding is a popular sport not only in the UK but in the rest of the world too.  To officially practice this sport requires not only determination but a fit physical body also. Many equestrian events require a healthy body because of the necessary skills to perform the jumps and maneuvers.

Types of events

Different events require different types of training. There are various events under the equestrian “title” such as:

  • Dressage
  • Endurance
  • Eventing
  • Show Jumping
  • Reining
  • Equestrian Vaulting
  • Para-equestrian
  • Combined Driving

Which muscles do we train while practicing equestrian sports?

Contrary to popular belief, many muscle groups are required to be fit for equestrian sports. Equestrianism implements the usage of most of the body's muscle groups.

  • To provide spinal stability and movement, you use your core muscles (lower back and abdomen muscles).
  • The job of directing your horse employs your calves, quadriceps, and hamstrings. They also work to lift and lower your body.
  • Communicating with the horse requires you to use your inner thigh muscles. You have to squeeze your legs together to grip the animal.
  • You use your shoulders to lift your arms.
  • Your biceps and back also play a role when you pull the reins toward yourself.

Types of workouts

Practices like Core Training, Pilates, and Yoga give you a mix of benefits such as:





They are accommodating in equestrian sports and also reduce the risk of injuries. The main types of training are:

Weight Training

Weight training helps you to overcome pressure beyond a reasonable workload. The recommendation of the US Equestrian Federation is to pick exercises such as bicep curls and dumbbell presses. Other useful activities are pull-ups and push-ups. The hardest workouts are comprised of four to five sets of a dozen repetitions for each exercise. If you think that this will be hard for you then horse riding isn't the sport for you. But there are also a few benefits that come with weight training. Some of them are:

  • Increased muscular strength
  • Endurance
  • Low risk of injury

Isometric Training

This type of training helps you to stay in a stable position by using your body or other weights as resistance. These types of exercises train you to endure pressure in a stable position for extended periods. Usually, you have to hold the position for up to five seconds, and you need to do up to 20 sets of various drills. Exercises include:

  • Squats
  • Plank
  • Calf raises
  • Inner-thigh squeeze
  • Leg extensions

Horse Training

There are many types of equestrian events, training horses for each one is time-consuming and requires a skill. Along with teaching the horse for the specific event, you have to know one important thing. Professional trainer Bob Avila's number one tip is “You have to know when to quit.” What that means is as long as you end the encounter with your horse on a good note, everything will be okay.