A horse requires many special treatments.
In this section, we will introduce you the different types of lifestyle, horse feeding and essential care.
In the wild, the horse lives in nature. Then, he can live all year outside.
The meadow or pasture are enclosed spaces of grass.
Water is essential.
It is strongly recommended that the meadow has shelters (boxes, walls, trees, etc.) in order to protect themselves from the wind or to put in the shade if necessary.
The horse may wear a winter cover if necessary especially if it is clipped.
In order that the horse can feed correctly during a year, it is estimated that 1 hectare per horse. Otherwise, feeding the horse must be supplemented.
A box is a closed place where the horse can live alone by having his freedom of movement.
In a standard way, the box measures approximately 9m2 for a volume of air of 40m3. The box must allow the horse to spread out.
Sometimes the box can be used to isolate a horse from the rest of the group (pregnant mare or with its foal, stallion, contagious disease, etc.).
The lack of activity linked to the box must be compensated by a physical activity of at least 1h per day.
The litter can be either straw, wood shavings, peat, linen fibres or paper.
At the very least, the soil should be removed daily and the litter should be changed at least once a week.
The box will have to have a water point (bucket or automatic drinking trough).
The box can also be equipped with a feeder.
This is a place where the horse is tied while allowing him to eat and lie down.
The size of a stall is smaller than that of a stall but it is also equipped with a water point, a food and a litter box.
The physical activity being even less important than in a box, a daily exit is essential.
The horse is a herbivore. In the wild, the horse’s diet consists exclusively of grass (70% grass, 20% legumes and 10% various plants).
If the horse is in stable, the feed can include cereals (oats, barley, corn, etc.), forages (hay or alfalfa) and straw.
The horse goes from 2 pm to 4 pm a day to eat. This important time is due to the size of the stomach and the fact that the food consumed is low in energy values.
The nutritional requirements are linked:
- To the sex of the horse
- To the race
- to the size
- At outdoor temperature
- At work (physical activity)
- In the physiological state (pregnant or lactating mare).